15x15 White Space GIF Image
Back to the Frontiersman Directory
PDF Version of This Issue With Links
PDF Version of This Issue to Print
15x15 White Space GIF Image
Eagle 3
Frontiersman, February 2016
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
Elusive Remedy
Sam Aurelius Milam III
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
Statistical Analysis
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageIn the field of statistical analysis, even the basics are complicated.  For example, here's a description of the second simplest idea in the entire field, population standard deviation.
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageFor a finite set of numbers, the standard deviation is found by taking the square root of the average of the squared deviations of the values from their average value.
—from Standard deviation — Wikipedia
as of Friday, January 1, 2016
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageThe Wikipedia article includes a simple example calculation.  For my purposes, the most important thing to notice in that example is that the denominators of the equations shown include the term n, where n represents the size of the population being studied.  Population size is fundamental to statistical analyses but, for my purposes, it's most important when it's equal to one.  Anybody who works his way through the example calculation, adapting it to a population of one, rather than a population of 8, as shown in the example, will discover something interesting.  For a population of one, the population standard deviation reduces to the square root of zero.  The academics like to call such things a "trivial solution".  I believe that it's far from trivial.  Quite the opposite is true.  It's of great importance.  It tells us that population standard deviation is meaningless for a population of one.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageIt's assumed in the example calculation that the population represented is the entire existing population.  If such a calculation addresses a sample population, taken from a larger population, then Bessel's Correction is applied.  Using Bessel's Correction, n is replaced by (n - 1).  When n equals 1, then (n - 1) equals zero.  The mathematicians insist that division by zero is prohibited.  So, by the accepted mathematical conventions, the calculation of a sample standard deviation, as opposed to a population standard deviation, for a population of one, isn't just meaningless.  It's impossible.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageMore advanced statistical calculations use equations that can boggle the mind.  However, throughout such analyses, the same thing is true.  Whatever is being calculated will include the term n, somewhere in the calculation.  When n equals 1, something peculiar always happens.  I doubt if the statisticians even have a name for it.  Being mathematicians, they probably discount it as a trivial case.  I think of it as The First Principle of Statistical Analysis.
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
The First Principle of Statistical Analysis
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageValid statistical analyses cannot be made for a population of one.
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageThis principle is quite important.  It tells us that it isn't possible to statistically predict the behavior of an individual.  The general failure to understand that has encouraged the promulgation of numerous unjustifiable policies.  There are many examples.  In most segments of our society, individuals are being either restricted or punished, or both, on the basis of some unsupportable statistical expectation.  "Statistics shows that" is a common mantra.  Actually, statistical analysis doesn't provide any support for any of the various policies.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageMy favorite example, because the consequences have been so widespread and so draconian, is drunk driving.  In theory, statistical analysis can provide an estimate of the probability of an alcohol related accident within a population of drunk drivers.  The larger the population, the more confidence there will be in the estimate.  The smaller the population, the less confidence there will be in the estimate.  When the population size is one, then it isn't possible to make an estimate at all.  The equations are not valid for a population of one.  Therefore, statistical analysis is unable to predict that an individual drunk driver will ever cause an accident.  Such a driver might drive drunk for his entire life and never cause any harm.  Opinion to the contrary is mere speculation.  The notion that a drunk driver is more likely than a sober driver to have an accident is intuitively appealing and irresistibly exploitable by misguided do-gooders like MADD.  In fact, statistical analysis cannot support such notions.
Arrow

February 2016Frontiersman,0c/o 4984 Peach Mountain Drive, Gainesville, Georgia  30507
 http://frontiersman.org.uk/
     Page 1
 

 
 
 
The Principles of Liberty
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageHere are The Principles of Liberty, from my article of the same name.  The article is available on Pharos.  Note that these are not rights.  They are principles.
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageCause of Action — There isn't a cause of action until there's a victim.  Someone cannot legitimately be prosecuted merely for something that he might do.  Prosecution cannot legitimately be based on mere speculation.  Prosecution legitimately can be based only on actions.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageObligation — There isn't any obligation under duress.  If someone is compelled by force or by the threat of force to make an agreement that he didn't want to make, then the agreement isn't binding upon him.  If someone is compelled by force or by the threat of force to do something that he didn't want to do, then the consequences of what he did cannot be held against him.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImagePresumption of Innocence — A person must be presumed innocent.  He doesn't have to prove his innocence.  His refusal to attempt to prove his innocence cannot be used against him.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageBurden of Proof — If someone believes that a person is guilty of something, then the accuser must prove it without the accused person's help.  The accuser, not the accused person, must bear the burden of proof.  A person doesn't have to do anything or say anything that might help the accuser to prove his guilt.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageSelf Incrimination — A person doesn't have to provide information that might be used against him.  His refusal to provide such information cannot be used against him.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageSilence — An accused person doesn't have to provide any information at all.  His refusal to provide information cannot be used against him.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageJurisdiction — A jurisdiction doesn't legitimately apply to somebody unless he specifically and voluntarily submits to it.  He doesn't have to prove that such a jurisdiction doesn't apply to him.  Anyone who claims that a jurisdiction does apply to him must prove that it does.  He doesn't have to help.  His refusal to help cannot be used against him.
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageThe first principle, Cause of Action, tells us that a person ought not to be punished merely because of something that he might do.  Punishment is legitimately administered only in response to actual harm, provably caused by actual behavior.  It isn't acceptable to punish somebody based on mere speculation about his capabilities, but it happens all the time.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageIgnorance of both The First Principle of Statistical Analysis and The Principles of Liberty has encouraged people to make some bad assumptions.  For example, people assume that just because a thing is bad, or unpopular, or dangerous, or a sin, then the government should prevent it.  In fact, the prevention of such things isn't a proper function of government, for some good reasons.  In most cases, the government can't prevent such things unless it has prior information about the circumstances that enable them.  The acquisition of such information requires that the government must always know what everybody is doing, or even thinking.  To accomplish that, the government must engage in universal and detailed surveillance.  Such a government is far more dangerous and undesirable than is the alleged harm that it pretends to prevent.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageFailing prevention, there's punishment, which makes use of the bad assumptions that people can legitimately be required to prove their innocence, and that a refusal to do so is proof of guilt.  Again, drunk driving is a good example.  A drunk driver who's stopped for a sobriety test hasn't caused any harm.  It cannot be demonstrated that he will ever cause any harm.  Even so, he's presumed guilty and is required to prove his innocence.  Thus the accused person, not the accuser, bears the burden of proof.  The accused person is also prohibited from remaining silent and, instead, is forced to provide information that might be used against him.  Refusal to cooperate is regarded as proof of guilt.  If he resists, then the cops will initiate the use of force against him.  If he continues to resist, then they might even kill him.
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
The Police State
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageDrunk driving continues to be a good example.  In spite of the fallacies of their positions, the anti drunk driving activists have pressed ahead with their agenda, promoting their notion that statistical predictions are meaningful with regard to individual drunk drivers.  They gloss over their disinformation with glib publicity slogans presented in the government media, mostly during holiday seasons.  They like to describe such blurbs as public service announcements. They won't be dissuaded by the facts.  They'll adamantly condemn any opposition.  Motivated by a passionate and unreasoned hatred of drunk drivers, they've imposed upon everybody, drunk or not, a police force of strutting, armed, gestapo-style enforcers who roam the roads and highways at will, dispensing repression and exacting tribute.  People have meekly submitted to the draconian policies.  They've discarded the principles of presumed innocence, refusal to incriminate
Arrow

Page 2 Frontiersman,0c/o 4984 Peach Mountain Drive, Gainesville, Georgia  30507
 http://frontiersman.org.uk/
 February 2016
 

 
 
 
themselves, and remaining silent.  In exchange, they pay for the privilege of driving, and of being regulated by armed enforcers.  Beyond the drunk driving example, the pattern of repression continues throughout our society.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageIn general, there are three categories of behavior in the United States:  required behavior, prohibited behavior, and regulated behavior.  If someone is caught failing to engage in required behavior, then the government will punish him.  If someone is caught engaging in prohibited behavior, then the government will punish him.  If someone is caught engaging in regulated behavior without permission, then the government will punish him.  If such a person refuses to submit to the punishment, then the government will initiate the use of force against him.  If he tries to resist the use of force, then the government will escalate the use of force against him.  If he continues to resist, then the government might kill him.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImagePeople don't seem to realize the danger in the relentless prosecution of alleged violators of some reformer's pet peeve.  Such prosecution contributes to a larger agenda of behavior control via brainwashing, mind conditioning, prohibition, regulation, and licensing.  The various reformers are playing into the hands of the government by providing agendas that the government uses to ratchet up the repression ante.  The situation has come about for various reasons.  People are ignorant, they've made bad assumptions, they've believed misinformation, they lack understanding.  They don't understand probability and risk.  They don't understand liberty.  They don't understand that voluntary participation equals endorsement.  They don't understand that cooperation with illegitimate authority legitimizes the authority.  They don't understand that authority and truth are not the same thing.  They don't understand the differences between freedom and permission, rights and privileges, currency and money, sin and crime, God and religion, law and legislation, brainwashing and education.  They don't understand that working within the system supports and strengthens the system.  They don't understand that compromising with a police state is just a slower way to lose their liberty.  They assume that unpopular behavior necessarily leads to harm and that it should always be prohibited, that anything bad should be a crime.  They assume that the government has a legitimate mandate to prevent all possible harm, by any means necessary.  They believe that the government should be able to punish people for their capabilities, their plans, their possessions, or even their thoughts.
5x5 Page Background GIF Image
The Search for a Remedy
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageI believe that the present U.S. government can't be fixed, although it might eventually collapse under it's own weight.  Maybe it could be overthrown, but that would be a waste of effort.  Every successful revolution has only established yet another bad government, thereby defeating it's own proclaimed agenda.  People are so easily deceived and manipulated that they don't even notice.  They're not able to control or even to understand a government.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageI suggest that seekers of liberty should abandon government entirely.  They should divest themselves of obligations to governments, and become undocumented.  If that does become somebody's goal, then he should first arrange for a lot of help, and find other ways to satisfy his needs.  Abandoning government without first positioning oneself is a recipe for failure.  Driving, owning a house, getting medical treatment, having bank accounts, and so forth, will not be available to such a person.  I've been undocumented since the 1980s, and it has required a lot of sacrifices and a lot of help.  My experiences have suggested to me that most people won't bother.  They'd prefer to be safe and comfortable, rather than to be free.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageAbandonment isn't a new idea.  Various versions and approximations of it have been around for a long time.  The Nazarene provided an example when he advised a certain ruler to sell what he had, give it to the poor, and follow him.  So far as I'm aware, such teachers have never accomplished much more than to be misunderstood by their followers.  Today, the Nazarene's followers advocate meek submission to an absolute, all-seeing ruler.  The penalty for disobedience is eternal punishment.  It's the ultimate police state.  I don't think that's what the Nazarene had in mind.  The failure of his followers is a lesson.  Seekers of liberty should not be either followers or leaders.  They should be students.  Pharos is a good source of information but nobody should unquestioningly accept the information that I've presented there.  Each person should study for himself, and decide for himself what is right and what to do.  As always, caveat lector.10x5 Page Background GIF ImageGun

February 2016Frontiersman,0c/o 4984 Peach Mountain Drive, Gainesville, Georgia  30507
 http://frontiersman.org.uk/
     Page 3
 

 
 
 
Frontiersman
c/o 4984 Peach Mountain Drive
Gainesville, Georgia  30507
 
 
 
 
 
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageThe strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government.
—Thomas Jefferson
15x15 Page Background GIF Image
Flag
 
 

Acknowledgments
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageMy thanks to the following:  SantaClara Bob;  my mother;  Betty;  Eric, of Ione, California;  Robert, of Ione, California;  and Lady Jan the Voluptuous.
— editor
15x15 Page Background GIF Image
Support This Newsletter
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageShop at The Moonlight Flea Market.
http://moonlight-flea-market.com/10x5 Page Background GIF ImageGun

Visit Some of My Websites
Pharos
15x5 Page Background GIF Imagehttp://pharos.org.uk/
The Sovereign's Library
15x5 Page Background GIF Imagehttp://sovereign-library.org.uk/10x5 Page Background GIF ImageGun

A Request
Sam Aurelius Milam III
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageI'd like to have a few more people to review preliminary versions of the Frontiersman, prior to publication.  They'll need to have internet access.  Are there any volunteers?10x5 Page Background GIF ImageGun

Blonde Joke
Original Source Unknown.  Forwarded by Don G.
Q:15x5 Page Background GIF ImageWhy shouldn't blondes be allowed to take coffee breaks?
A:15x5 Page Background GIF ImageIt takes to long to retrain them.10x5 Page Background GIF ImageInfinity Symbol

It's Great to Be a Guy Because
Original Source Unknown.  Forwarded by Sir John the Generous.
•15x5 Page Background GIF ImageYou can quietly watch a game with your buddy for hours without ever thinking, "He must be mad at me."
•15x5 Page Background GIF ImageYou never have to drive on to another gas station because this one's just too icky.
•15x5 Page Background GIF ImageYou don't care if someone's talking about you behind your back.
•15x5 Page Background GIF ImageYou can drop by to see a friend without having to bring a little gift.
•15x5 Page Background GIF ImageYou can trust your pals to never trap you with, "So, notice anything different?"10x5 Page Background GIF ImageInfinity Symbol


Frontiersman
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageAvailability — Assuming the availability of sufficient funds, subscriptions to this newsletter in print, copies of past issues in print, and copies of the website on CDs are available upon request.  All past issues are available at http://frontiersman.org.uk/.  Contributions are welcome.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageCancellations — If you don't want to keep receiving printed copies of this newsletter, then return your copy unopened.  When I receive it, I'll terminate your subscription.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageReprint Policy — Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this newsletter in its entirety or to reproduce material from it, provided that the reproduction is accurate and that proper credit is given.  I do not have the authority to give permission to reprint material that I have reprinted from other sources.  For that permission, you must apply to the original source.  I would appreciate receiving a courtesy copy of any document or publication in which you reprint my material.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImageSubmissions — I consider letters, articles, and cartoons for the newsletter, but I don't pay for them.  Short items are more likely to be printed.  I suggest that letters and articles be shorter than 500 words but that's flexible depending on space available and the content of the piece.
15x5 Page Background GIF ImagePayment — This newsletter isn't for sale.  If you want to make a voluntary contribution, then I prefer cash or U.S. postage stamps.  For checks or money orders, please inquire.  For PayPal payments, use editor@frontiersman.org.uk.  In case anybody's curious, I also accept gold, silver, platinum, etc.  I don't accept anything that requires me to provide ID to receive it.
— Sam Aurelius Milam III, editor

Page 4Frontiersman,0c/o 4984 Peach Mountain Drive, Gainesville, Georgia  30507
 http://frontiersman.org.uk/
 February 2016
 
15x15 White Space gif Image
15x15 White Space gif Image
Back to the Frontiersman Directory
Back to the Beginning of This Issue